Overview of EU Legislation

On 01 January 2016, the new EU type-approval frameworks for respectively “two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles” (L-category) and “agricultural and forestry vehicles” (T-category) will enter into force.

These regulations will replace the current directive-based homologation system. ATVEA actively participated in the discussions about these two new regulations during a three-year long legislative process.
As a result, the homologation of both utility and recreational All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) and Side-by-Sides (SbS) will be regulated by Regulation (EU) 167/2013 (T) and Regulation (EU) 168/2013 (L).

These regulations set forth specific construction, sound and emissions requirements. Each regulation is complemented by delegated or implementing regulations covering a specific area and laying down the technical elements (test procedures, etc.).

Quadricycles (L-category)

Mother Regulation:

Delegated & Implementing Regulations:

Agricultural and forestry vehicles (T-category)


Delegated & Implementing Regulations:

Regulation (EU) 167/2013 is complemented by 4 delegated regulations and one implementing regulation:


ATVs and Side-by-Sides which are not intended to be used on the roads and which are not registered, or do not fall within a vehicle category of Regulation (EU) 167/2013, are subject to the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, unless they are exclusively intended for competition.

Emissions from non-road mobile machinery (NRMM)

Directive 97/68/EC on Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) regulates tailpipe emissions for a large variety of engines installed in machines. It has been amended by six Directives.

NRMM does not presently cover spark-ignition engines above 19 kW which equip most ATVs & SbS; however the European Commission issued on 25 September 2014 a proposal for its revision, which was adopted by the European Parliament and Council on 14 September 2016 and became applicable as of 1 January 2017.


ATVEA is also cooperating with CEN for relevant standardisation activities as a Liaison Organization, in particular with the Technical Committee CEN/TC 354 “Ride-on, motorized vehicles intended for the transportation of persons and goods and not intended for use on public roads – Safety requirements”.

ATVEA contributed to the elaboration of the European Standard EN 15997:20 for “All terrain vehicles (ATVs – Quads) – Safety requirements and test methods”.

Compliance with this standard, developed under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, confers a presumption of conformity with the Machinery Directive.